141 - Linked List Cycle

解法一 - Fast & Slow pointer

/**
 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * struct ListNode {
 *     int val;
 *     ListNode *next;
 *     ListNode(int x) : val(x), next(NULL) {}
 * };
 */
class Solution {
public:
    bool hasCycle(ListNode *head) {
        ListNode* slow = head;
        ListNode* fast = head;

        while(fast != nullptr && fast->next != nullptr) {
            fast = fast->next->next;
            slow = slow->next;

            if(slow == fast) {
                return true;
            }
        }

        return false;
    }
};

解法二 - Hash Table

要知道有沒有 cycle,最直覺的方式就是看會不會走到已經走過的 node,所以我們可以用一個 set 來記錄已經走過的 node。

/**
 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * struct ListNode {
 *     int val;
 *     ListNode *next;
 *     ListNode(int x) : val(x), next(NULL) {}
 * };
 */
class Solution {
public:
    bool hasCycle(ListNode *head) {
        unordered_set<ListNode*> nodeSeen;

        while(head != nullptr) {
            if(nodeSeen.find(head) != nodeSeen.end()) {
                return true;
            }
            else {
                nodeSeen.insert(head);
            }

            head = head->next;
        }

        return false;
    }
};

延伸題 - linked list cycle length

程式碼如下:

using namespace std;

#include <iostream>

class ListNode {
 public:
  int value = 0;
  ListNode *next;

  ListNode(int value) {
    this->value = value;
    next = nullptr;
  }
};

class LinkedListCycleLength {
 public:
  static int findCycleLength(ListNode *head) {
    ListNode *slow = head;
    ListNode *fast = head;
    while (fast != nullptr && fast->next != nullptr) {
      fast = fast->next->next;
      slow = slow->next;
      if (slow == fast)  // found the cycle
      {
        return calculateLength(slow);
      }
    }
    return 0;
  }

 private:
  static int calculateLength(ListNode *slow) {
    ListNode *current = slow;
    int cycleLength = 0;
    do {
      current = current->next;
      cycleLength++;
    } while (current != slow);
    return cycleLength;
  }
};

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
  ListNode *head = new ListNode(1);
  head->next = new ListNode(2);
  head->next->next = new ListNode(3);
  head->next->next->next = new ListNode(4);
  head->next->next->next->next = new ListNode(5);
  head->next->next->next->next->next = new ListNode(6);
  head->next->next->next->next->next->next = head->next->next;
  cout << "LinkedList cycle length: " << LinkedListCycleLength::findCycleLength(head) << endl;

  head->next->next->next->next->next->next = head->next->next->next;
  cout << "LinkedList cycle length: " << LinkedListCycleLength::findCycleLength(head) << endl;
}

results matching ""

    No results matching ""